How is climate change affecting Kenya?
Climate change refers to the climatic condition changes result from the high level of global temperature caused by the omission of green gas which has result to destruction of ozone layer, and this allow the ultra-violet rays to penetrate the clouds to land surface contributing massive heating land. And lead to the global temperature rise. Climate change is affecting both poor and rich countries. However, the scale and ramifications of global warming is severe on poor countries and yet these poor countries like Kenya are under industrialize and they omission par capitals is lower compare to the most advanced and industrialized countries.
The heating has caused drying up of the of major water catchment areas in the Country, drying of rivers and lakes. And this affect the community living around those water bodies, and a result many people lose their daily source of income and livelihood. As according to local media and Kenya government, around 2.5 million Kenyans are dire situation and they need aid. And this aid is available to local government, nation government and as well the international organizations present in the Country. The northern region of Kenya is in red alert of famine and drought due to the impact of climate change. And the ramification of climate change in Kenya are massive. It has caused the fertile land for agriculture to become unfertile due to the soil erosion and the land become totally barren to produce anything. Living the native community vulnerable as the source of livelihood (land) become unproductive. Also livestock and dairy farmers’ and fishermen livelihood has also been affected massively.
There are many factors that have lead heavy deforestation in Kenya, and these factors are associated with the status of Country economics equity and development. The level of corruption and poor investment from the national to local government has left many community poor, and therefore forcing the native community to encroached into the national forests, charcoal business,
over-logging, ever growing population and shrinking resources made people to cut down trees to create way for agriculture productivity and as well persistent drought at some part of the Country. Before independent, Kenya forest was around 13% and by 2000s, land under forest was 1.7% (Chaudhry Shazia, 2021) and this has exacerbate the impact of climate change in the Country. Annual temperatures in Kenya as of 1960s, increased by 10°C or average rate of 0.21°C per decade (Parry Jo-Ellen et al, 2012). This mean that as of 2022, the average rate is 0.84°C to 1°C.
Kenya being a poor country with limited resource and is unable to adapt and mitigate the dire and severe effect and impact climate change in the Continent. And for her to adjust is the tall order due to the fact of absence of means and capacity to manage or cope to the challenges pose by the climate change without support from international donors and partners. And this rise a question, if the developed countries have failed Kenya in mitigating and adapting the challenges posed by the climate change by not honoring (article 9) of UNFCCC which stated that the developed Country parties shall provide financial resources to assist developing Country parties with respect to both mitigation and adaptations (Seo Niggol S, 2017). China emission 30%, U.S.A 15%, EU 10% and India 6.5% (Christoff Peter, 2016) and Kenya zero percent emissions, and yet it is facing the full wrath of Climate Change compare to the above cited nations.
The global climate changes argument has been about the developed Countries need to do more to change the pattern trend of the global warming. It could be a part of solution since they are great emitters of greenhouse gas to the atmosphere. However, all the governments of both developing and developed Countries needs to bring into the equation of how solution the global warming by making sure the private entities to up responsibilities by help governments in solving the climate change problem. There is information gap across the globe as the issue of climate change is only
left in the hand of scientists, academic, climate change and environmental activists and governments. There is a need to create the climate change education and awareness across the global. There are some part of world where populations are not informed about the challenges of climate changes. The people need to own the issue as their own. This would help bringing everybody on board in tackling the global or climate change.
There is needs for schools curriculum changes across the world because, we need to teach children the important of having clean and healthy climate and environment. This would bridge the information gaps about the climate change the world is experiencing now. And also, as these children continue growing, they would become responsible leaders who would need to treat the climate change and other environmental challenges with care and with great responsibility.
Geopolitics challenges as many Countries are divide and disagree on the line of political ideology making difficult for the leaders to come together to work as a team to tackle the climate change problems. The world leaders needs to put aside their political ideology and differences and work together to solves the issue of climate change as common problem for humanity.
Chaudhry Shazia. (2021). Political Economy of forest Degradation and Climate Changes in Kenya: Case study of the Maasai Mau Forest. Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies, Nairobi, Nairobi Kenya. Page: 3.
Christoff Peter. (2016). The promissory note: COP21 and the Paris Climate Change Agreement. Environmental Politics. Volume: 25, No5, 765-787. Page: 8.
Parry Jo-Ellen, Echeverria Daniella, dekens Julie, Maitima Joseph. (2012). Climate Risks, Vulnerability and Governance in Kenya: Review. United Nation Development Programme. Page: 7.
Seo Niggol S. (2017). Beyond the Paris Agreement: Climate Change policy negotiations and future directions. Regional Science Policy & Practice. Volume 9Number 2. Page: 9.